SEPTEMBER 2018 (16-30)

Missile ‘Prahar’

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested the indigenously developed surface-to-surface tactical missile ‘Prahar’, from Launch Complex-III, ITR, Balasore.
Prahar: ‘Prahar’, developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), is capable of filling the gap between the multi-barrel rocket system ‘Pinaka’ and medium-range ballistic missile ‘Prithvi’. It can also engage multiple targets in different directions. It has length of 7.3 meter, diameter of 420 mm and weighs 1,280 kg. It has operational range of 150 km and flight altitude of 35 km. It is a solid-fuelled short-range missile fitted with inertial navigation system.

Exercise Aviaindra-18

Exercise Aviaindra is an Air Force level exercise between India and the Russian Federation. First Aviaindra was conducted in 2014 and has been planned as a bi-annual exercise. Exercise Aviaindra 18 is being conducted at Lipetsk, Russia. The aim of the exercise is focused towards anti-terrorist operations in a bi-lateral scenario. The exercise would further enhance the co-operation and understanding each other’s Concept of Operations.

Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) Mission

India successfully conducted an interceptor missile test off the Odisha coast, achieving a major milestone in developing a two-layer Ballistic Missile Defence system. The interceptor was launched from Abdul Kalam Island, earlier known as Wheeler Island of the Integrated Test Range (ITR). PDV mission is for engaging the targets in the exo-atmosphere region at an altitude above 50 km of the earth’s atmosphere DRDO. The PDV is slated to replace the existing Prithvi Air Defense (PAD)/Pradyumna Ballistic Missile Interceptor, which has a maximum interception altitude of 80 kilometers. The new two-stage solid-fueled PDV interceptor is fitted with an Imaging Infrared (IIR) seeker, developed by DRDO, to distinguish between incoming warheads and decoys. It is guided by high-accuracy Inertial Navigation System (INS) supported by Redundant Micro Navigation System for estimating point of interception.

India looks to buy Israeli missiles
A deal to procure the Spike anti-tank guided missiles from Israel has been brought before the Defense Acquisition Council (DAC) for approval.
Spike anti-tank guided missile: It is a third generation fire and forget anti-tank guided missile. It is developed and designed by an Israeli Company. It is available in man-portable, vehicle-launched, and helicopter-launched variants.
Defense Acquisition Council: It was constituted for overall guidance of the defense procurement planning process. It is headed by the defense minister. The current missile procurement from Israel will be through the government-to-government route. The deal includes 170 launchers, 4,500 missiles and 15 simulators. The earlier deal was cancelled in January and it was decided that the requirement could be met through the indigenous man-portable missile being developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). However, since the Army is facing shortage of anti-tank guided missiles and DRDO missed it development deadline, the government decided to go ahead with the deal.

Astra BVR Air-to-Air Missile:
Astra, the indigenously developed Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM), was recently successfully test fired by the Indian Air Force from Su-30 aircraft. It is the indigenously developed Beyond Visual Range (BVR) air-to-air. It is an all-weather, state-of-the-art missile developed by DRDO and can engage and destroy enemy aircraft at supersonic speed (1.2 Mach to 1.4 Mach) in head-on (up to 80 km) and tail-chase (up to 20 km) modes. The 3.8 metre tall Astra is a radar homing missile and the smallest of the DRDO-developed missiles and can be launched from different altitudes. It can reach up to 110 km when fired from an altitude of 15 km, 44 km when launched from an altitude of eight km and 21 km when fired from sea level.