India, Sri Lanka joint naval exercise SLINEX-2018 was recently held at Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. SLINEX exercise started in 2005 was previously held once in two years and now it has been converted to annual event this year onwards. SLINEX exercise is continuation of ongoing operational interaction between both navies wherein regular ships visits are being undertaken between the two countries. SLINEX 2017 was held at Visakhapatnam in September 2017 wherein two ships SLNS participated from Sri Lanka Navy.
Indo – Mongolian Joint Exercise: Nomadic Elephant
INDO-MONGOLIA joint exercise Nomadic Elephant-2018 is being held in Ullanbaatar, Mongolia.
What is it? Exercise Nomadic Elephant is an annual, bilateral exercise since 2006 which is designed to strengthen the partnership between Indian Army and Mongolian Armed Forces. The exercise will see them improve their tactical and technical skills in joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in rural and urban scenario under United Nations mandate.
Mongolia: Mongolia is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia. It is sandwiched between China to the south and Russia to the north. It is also the world’s second-largest landlocked country behind Kazakhstan and the largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea.
Apsara – U Reactor
THE BHABHA Atomic Research Centre has recommissioned an upgraded version of ‘Apsara’, the country’s oldest research reactor that was decommissioned almost a decade ago. Apsara is now operational as ‘Apsara-U’ on Trombay campus of Maharashtra.
Apsara Nuclear reactor: Apsara is the oldest of India’s research reactors. The reactor was designed by the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) and built with assistance from the United Kingdom (which also provided the initial fuel supply consisting of 80% enriched uranium). Apsara first went critical on 4 August 1956. Apsara is a light water swimming pool-type reactor with a maximum power output of one megawatt thermal (MWt). The reactor burns enriched uranium in the form of aluminum alloyed curved plates. Fuel for the reactor is supplied under contract from the United Kingdom, provided that the fuel is safeguarded. The Apsara reactor is utilized for various experiments including neutron activation analysis, radiation damage studies, forensic research, neutron radiography, and shielding experiments. The reactor is also used for research and the production of radioisotopes.
Apsara- Upgraded: “Apsara-upgraded”, made indigenously, uses plate type dispersion fuel elements made of Low Enriched Uranium (LEU). By virtue of higher neutron flux, this reactor will increase indigenous production or radio-isotopes for medical application by about fifty percent and would also be extensively used for research in nuclear physics, material science and radiation shielding. This development has re-emphasised the capability of Indian scientists and Engineers to build, complex facilities for health care, science education and research.