OCTOBER 2018 (1-15)

IBSAMAR-VI: Joint Maritime Exercise between Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies held
The sixth edition of IBSAMAR, a joint multi–national maritime exercise between Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies was held at Simons Town, South Africa. The aim of this maritime exercise is to undertake collective training for participating navies, building interoperability and mutual understanding as well as sharing of best practices. It was initiated in 2006. It is considered as most visible manifestation of convergence of democratic values, economic interests and maritime cooperation. The last edition of IBSAMAR V was conducted off Goa, India in February 2016 and all previous exercises were held in South Africa.
IBSAMAR 2018: This edition exercise included both harbour and sea phases with various navigation and seamanship evolutions, force protection exercises, surface weapons firing, antipiracy exercise, anti-air and anti-submarine exercise and flying operations were also conducted. Apart from professional activities, sports and social engagements were also conducted. For this exercise, Indian Navy was represented by Guided Missile Destroyer Kolkata, Guided Missile Frigate Tarkash, Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft P8I, Seaking and Chetak helicopters as well as MARCOS contingent. South African Navy was represented by SAS Amatola, SAS Protea and SAS Manthatisi along with elements of its maritime reaction squadron. Brazilian Navy was represented by frigate BNS Barroso, platoon of  Special Forces and air asset of AS350 Ecureuil.
IBSA: It is international tripartite grouping for promoting international cooperation among India, Brazil, South Africa. It aims at galvanizing South-South cooperation and greater understanding between three important continents of developing world form Africa, Asia and South America. The forum provides three countries with platform to engage in discussions for cooperation in field of agriculture, trade, culture, and defence among others. It also plays important role in foreign policies of India, Brazil and South Africa. IBSA has become instrumental for promoting ever closer coordination on global issues between three large multicultural and multiracial democracies of Asia, South America and Africa. It has contributed to enhancing trilateral India-Brazil-South Africa cooperation in sectoral areas.

Upgraded MiG-29 adds to air power 
India to get big boost in defense after upgraded Mig-29. The country to celebrate the Air Force Day on October 8 and present a showcase of the upgraded MiG-29 with its combat capabilities at Adampur Air Force Station.
Features of Upgraded Mig-29 – A combat aircraft which is flexible and can maneuver every situation
Mig 29 is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
compatible with latest missiles and can launch multi-dimensional attacks
Capability of taking off vertically
Multi-Functional Display (MFD) screen.
Air-to-Air refueling feature
Air-to-Air, Air-to-Ground and Anti-Shipping Operation,
Glass cockpit having digital screens
Adampur Air Force Station: Is around 100 km from Pakistan and 250 km away from China borders, is now equipped with upgraded MiG-29.
The Indian Air Force celebrates its 86th anniversary on 08 Oct 2018. The IAF has the prime responsibility of securing the Indian airspace as well as to carry out aerial warfare during any clash. IAF also participates in the United Nations peacekeeping missions.

JIMEX 18: 3rd edition of Japan-India Maritime Exercise begins in Visakhapatnam
The 3rd edition of Japan-India Maritime Exercise (JIMEX) commenced at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. JIMEX-18 is aimed to enhance interoperability, improve understanding and imbibe best practices between navies of two countries. JIMEX 18 will be spread over eight days from 7 to 15 October 2018 and will comprise Harbour Phase and Sea Phase of four days each. Harbour Phase of will include professional and social interactions between ship’s crews, operational planning for sea phase and sports fixtures. Sea Phase will include anti-submarine warfare exercises, gun firings, VBSS (Visit, Board, Search and Seizure) drills, cross deck helo operations and coordinated operations in anti-submarine and anti-air threat scenarios. India and Japan maritime exercise JIMEX was started in January 2012 with special focus on on Maritime Security Cooperation. It was held for first time was conducted off Japanese coast. The last (second) edition of JIMEX was conducted in Dec 2013 off Chennai coast, India.

Government sanctions 5 new battalions of Rapid Action Force
Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has sanctioned five new battalions of anti-riot and crowd control Rapid Action Force (RAF). These new battalions will be stationed at Varanasi (Uttar Pradesg), Hajipur (Bihar), Jaipur (Rajasthan), Mangalore (Karnataka) and Nuh (Haryana). With these, the total number of RAF battalions in the country has gone up to 15. Varanasi will be fourth base of RAF in Uttar Pradesh- the three others being in Meerut, Allahabad and Aligarh.
Rapid Action Force (RAF): RAF is a specially trained and equipped wing of Central Reserve Police Force, the country’s largest paramilitary force or Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) with over 3 lakh personnel. It was formed in 1992 to deal to deal with riots, riot like situations, crowd control, rescue and relief operations and related unrest. It is headquartered in New Delhi. Its motto is “Serving Humanity with Sensitive Policing” RAF battalions are based in various parts of the country in order to cut down response time and rush the teams in shortest possible time to counter an incident. The 10 old RAF battalions are based in Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Aligarh, Delhi, Coimbatore, Jamshedpur, Bhopal and Meerut. Single RAF battalion has strength of just over 1,000 personnel and it is equipped with gadgets and non-lethal weapons like, tear smoke grenade launchers, pump action guns and others to enforce security and law and order in case of protests or riot-like situations.

Defence Ministry gives in-principle nod for 31 projects under “Make-II scheme”
The Department of Defence Production under Ministry of Defence has given in principal approval for 31 projects under Make-II scheme.
Make-II scheme: It is an industry-funded scheme to make clearance easier and scaling up production of defence projects. Under Make-II scheme, the Ministry of Defence has a sub-category of suo motu submission of proposals.
SPARK (Support for Prototype and Research Kick-start) scheme: SPARK framework by the Defence Innovation Organization – Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) in partnership with Atal Innovation Mission, is aimed at supporting Startups/MSMEs/Innovators to create prototypes and/or commercialize products/solutions in National Defence and Security. The vision of this framework is two-fold: help create functional prototypes of products/technologies relevant for national security (prototyping), and spur fast-moving innovation in the India defence sector; help new tech products/technologies and a market and early customer (commercialization) in the form of the Indian Defence Establishment.

Wing Loong II:
What is it? It is a high-end reconnaissance, strike and multi-role endurance unmanned aerial system, capable of being fitted with air-to-surface weapons. It is designed for both reconnaissance and strike missions. China has agreed to sell 48 Wing Loong II high-end armed drones to Pakistan.

India-U.S. tri-services exercise
The first India-U.S. tri-services exercise is likely to take place in 2019.
Talks are on to include the special forces of the two countries in the drill.
Do you know? The three forces of each country already take part in bilateral exercises separately —
(i) their Armies participate in an annual drill called Yudh Abyaas, whose latest edition took place in September, and
(ii) the Air Forces take part in a bilateral drill called Cope India
(iii) The Navies participate in an exercise called Malabar, involving Japan.
But this will be the first time, the three services of India and the U.S. will participate in a drill together.
The Indian Army has Para SF, the Navy has Marcos while the Air Force has the Garud as their respective special forces.

India, France in talks to conduct tri-service exercise
India and France are in discussions for a bilateral tri-service military exercise. Both the countries are also exploring ways to operationalise the logistics agreement. If India and France concludes on tri-service exercise, it will be India’s third such joint exercise. The first joint tri-service exercise was held with Russia in October last year and India has finalised one with the U.S. to be held next year. India and France signed a logistics pact in March this year which gives access to their militaries to each other’s bases for logistics support. New Delhi can access French bases in the Indian Ocean — Reunion Island, Djibouti and Abu Dhabi. These three bases would give the Indian Navy and the Air Force operational turnaround to the far end of the Indian Ocean, improving its monitoring and surveillance of the region, in the backdrop of increased Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
India and France currently hold bilateral exercises between individual services –
Shakti : : Army version
Varuna : : Navy
Garuda : : Air Force

Indian Navy inducts its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle
Indian Navy has inducted its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) which is deployed to rescue downed or disaster-struck submarines at high sea. It will be based in Mumbai, Maharashtra and enhance Navy’s operational capabilities. With this, India joined select list of international navies (United States, China, Russia, Japan, South Korea, Singapore UK, Sweden and Australia) with ability to search, locate and provide assistance to downed or disaster-struck or distressed submarines at high sea. The second DSRV is expected to be inducted at Visakhapatnam in 2019.
The DSRVs complete with associated kit in fly away configuration, can be crucial in quickly locating submarines through vast expanse of sea and can be mobilised by air and water for rapid rescue. Thus, it can be deployed at short notice for providing assistance to submarines in distress. Some DSRV vessels are air transportable in very large military cargo. DSRVs can also be deployed for various other missions including to lay cables on the sea bed. The induction of DSRV is part of Indian Navy’s efforts to enhance operational capabilities when China has been ramping up its maritime presence in critical sea lanes especially in Indian Ocean Region (IOR) which are of strategic importance to India. Earlier in 2017, Indian Navy also had operationalised new concept of deployment of warships in IOR to effectively counter China’s growing presence in the strategically key waters. The new mission-based deployment involves deploying mission-ready ships and aircraft along critical sea lanes of communications.