DECEMBER 2018 (1-31 )

SHINYUU Maitri 18: First India, Japan air exercise begins in Agra
The first bilateral air exercise SHINYUU Maitri-18 between Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF) and Indian Air Force (IAF) began at Air Force Station Agra. The theme of this exercise is joint Mobility/Humanitarian Assistance & Disaster Relief (HADR) on Transport aircraft.
SHINYUU Maitri-18: The focus of the exercise is set for IAF and JASDF crews to undertake Joint Mobility/ HADR operations. IAF and JASDF will also practice display of heavy loading/off loading during this exercise. In this exercise, JASDF will be participating with C2 aircraft along with aircrew and observers. IAF is participating with C-17 and An-32 aircraft with aircrew and observers.

Ex Aviaindra 2018
Ex AVIAINDRA, a service specific exercise between Indian Air Force and Russian Federation Aerospace Force (RFSAF) is planned at Air Force Station Jodhpur.
AVIAINDIRA-2018: Exercise Aviaindra is an Air Force level exercise between India and the Russian Federation. First Aviaindra was conducted in 2014, planned as a bi-annual exercise. AVIAINDRA-2018 is the second in the series of bilateral joint exercise between IAF-RFSAF (the exercise is unique, where the foreign participants does not bring its assets).
The aim of the exercise is focused towards anti-terrorist operations in a bi-lateral scenario. This further enhances the co-operation and understanding each other’s Concept of Operations.
Russia has been a major partner of India in the defence sector and the cooperation has been steadily growing further. In October 2017, India and Russia held a 10-day mega war game involving their armies, navies and air forces for the first time ramp up military ties. The exercise Indra, which took place in Russia, primarily focused on achieving coordination between forces of the two countries in tri-services integrated theatre command scenario. It was the first time, India participated in tri-services exercise with a foreign country with large scale participation by the Navy, the Army and the Air Force.

Agni-V Missile
India successfully test-fired nuclear-capable ballistic missile Agni-5, which has a strike range of 5,000 km, from Dr Abdul Kalam island off the Odisha coast recently.
Key features of the missile: Agni- 5 is the intercontinental surface-to-surface nuclear capable ballistic missile. It is the latest in India’s “Agni” family of medium to intercontinental range missiles. Agni-5 has a range of over 5,000 km and can carry about a 1500-kg warhead. It can target almost all of Asia including Pakistan and China and Europe. The 17-metre long Agni-5 Missile weighs about 50 tonnes and is a very agile and modern weapon system. The surface-to-surface missile is a fire-and-forget system that cannot be easily detected as it follows a ballistic trajectory. India describes the Agni – 5 missile system as a ‘weapon of peace’. India has already joined an elite club of nations that possess the ICBM launch capability when the maiden test-firing of Agni-V was successfully conducted in April, 2012. Only the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council – China, France, Russia, the United States and Britain, along with Israel, have so far possessed such long-range missiles.

Indian Navy inducts first Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel
Indian Navy inducted its first Submarine Rescue System with Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV) along with associated equipment at western naval dockyard in Mumbai, Maharashtra (west coast of India). It is first of the two non-tethered DSRVs ordered by Indian Navy. With this, India joined select list of international navies (US, Russia, Japan, South Korea, China, Singapore UK, Sweden and Australia). Its induction will enhance Indian Navy’s operational capabilities for search, locate and provide assistance to downed or disaster-struck or distressed submarines at high sea.
Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV)
The vehicles are developed by Scotland-based JFD, a part of James Fisher and Sons Plc In March, 2016. JFD had won the contract of 193 million pounds for supply of two sets of non-tethered DSRV and 25 years of maintenance. These DSRVs are third-generation system, considered to be most advanced system currently in operation globally. It is capable of undertaking rescue from a disabled submarine up to 650 metres depth. It is operated by a crew of three, can rescue 14 personnel from disabled submarine at time. DSRVs complete with associated kit in fly away configuration, can be crucial in quickly locating submarines through vast expanse of sea and can be mobilised by air and water for rapid rescue.  It can be deployed at short notice for providing assistance to submarines in distress. Indian Navy two DSRVs will be based on West and East Coast of India respectively. The first DSRV will be operated and deployed by crew of Indian Navy’s newly formed Submarine Rescue Unit (West) from its base in Mumbai. The second DSRV is out for delivery and is expected to reach Visakhapatnam soon. It will be operational by April 2019.

Indigenous attack helicopter crosses milestone
Indigenously developed Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) successfully fired air to air missile at moving target. Light Combat Helicopters are developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). LCH is first helicopter in country to successfully pass test of firing air to air missile at moving target not done before by any military helicopter. Now, LCH has successfully completed all weapons integration tests and is ready for operational inductions. Defense Acquisition Council has approved initial acquisition of 15 LCHs – 10 LCHs for Air Force and 5 LCHs for Army but demands are 65 and 114 respectively
Features of LCH: LCH is only attack helicopter in world capable of operating at altitude as high as siachen glacier. LCH is equipped with helmet mounted sight and forward looking infra red sighting system which can detect and destroy any target on ground or in air without need to turn helicopter. LCH is inducted with fire and forget missile system which is effective against all types of aerial threats

Nuclear Capable Agni-IV successfully test-fired
India has successfully test-fired nuclear-capable long-range ballistic missile Agni-IV from the Dr Abdul Kalam Island in Odhisa. It was the 7th trial of Agni-IV missile. DRDO had positioned Radars and electro-optical systems along the coast of Odisha for tracking and monitoring all parameters of the missile and two naval ships were anchored near the target area to witness the final event.
Agni IV
The strategic surface-to-surface missile has a strike range of 4,000 km. The indigenously developed Agni IV is a two-stage missile and is 20 meters long with a weight of 17 tonnes. Agni IV is equipped with advanced Avionics, 5th generation On Board Computer and distributed architecture to provide a high level of reliability and precision. Agni IV is also equipped with accurate Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS) which is supported by highly reliable redundant Micro Navigation System (MINGS) to ensure the vehicle reaches the target with accuracy. The re-entry heat shield of Agni IV can withstand temperatures in the range of 4000 degrees centigrade and also makes sure avionics function normally with the inside temperature remaining less than 50 degrees centigrade.
Dr Abdul Kalam Island
Dr Abdul Kalam Island, formerly known as Wheeler Island, is an island off the coast of Odisha. The Island was originally named after English commandant Lieutenant Wheeler and it was renamed after the late Indian president, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam who is also referred as Missile Man of India on 4 September 2015. The Indian Integrated Test Range missile testing facility is located on the Dr Abdul Kalam Island. Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary is also located close to  Dr Abdul Kalam Island Island.

Raksha Mantri Launches ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’
Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman has formally launched ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’. The event showcased salient inventions and innovations achieved by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), and Ordinance Factories (OFs) which have resulted in successful filing of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) applications. The Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) has been entrusted with the responsibility of coordinating and implementing the programme. As part of the ongoing initiatives to enhance self-reliance in defence, the Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti aims to provide a boost to the IPR culture in indigenous defence industry. IPR emerged as a key ingredient of an ecosystem which stimulates innovation and ingenuity. It was highlighted the need to migrate from the culture of seeking Transfer of Technology (ToT) from foreign sources to generating Intellectual Property in India, to achieve the goal of self-reliance in Defence sector.
IP Facilitation Cell: It was established in April this year. To achieve ambitious targets of training 10,000 personnel of Ordnance Factories (OFs) and Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) on IPR. To facilitate filing of at least 1,000 new IPR applications.
What are Intellectual Property Rights?
According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), IPRs are the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds. They usually give the creator an exclusive right over the use of his/her creation for a certain period of time.